Viterbo

A soli 6 km dall'albergo. Città Capoluogo di 60.000 abitanti, un tempo fu sede pontificia ora è fulcro commerciale di tutta la provincia. E' nota per il meraviglioso Quartiere Medievale di San Pellegrino e le terapeutiche Sorgenti d'acqua sulfurea, i siti archeologici di Castel d'Asso e Ferento di epoca etrusco-romana e il Palazzo dei Papi. Presso i vari Musei (Civico, Nazionale, della Ceramica, del Sodalizio di Santa Rosa e Colle del Duomo) è possibile ripercorrere interessanti secoli di storia;  grazie alla presenza dell'Università Agraria della Tuscia, un meraviglioso Orto Botanico situato a ridosso delle sorgenti del Bulicame consentirà di passare attraverso preziose ricostruzioni ambientali, da un continente all'altro.

 

 

Viterbo is known as “the city of popes”. The town’s history is closely  related to that of the Roman Catholic Churc, inasmuch since Viterbo became the official seat of the papal court in the second half of the 13th century. Nonetheless, the origins of the city go much further back in the time.  In the 7th century BC, a small Etrusca hamlet was built on the top of S. Lorenzo hill. After the Roman conquest (4th-3th centuries BC), the little village was destroyed, and the new Roman Colony (Sorrina Nova) was founded on the Cassia Nord, not far from the ancient Etruscan site.  In the early Middle Ages (8th century AD) a fortified castle was built on San Lorenzo hill, in the same place where the Etruscan town was.

New neighborhoods were formed around the castle between the 10th and the 11th centuries, so that the town became much bigger and more powerful.

As time went by, many people from the north of Italy and from Tuscany built their Home in Viterbo. Before the end of the 11th century, the town became an independent district and reached the top of its power in the 13th century.

The most important historical buildings were built at that time. Perhaps the best known sight is the Papal Palace. Built between 1255 and 1267 for the popes, this building is a fine example of Gothic architecture with its wonderful loggia, made of seven interlaced arches, and its two-light mullioned windows. It is also interesting the Cathedral of San Lorenzo built in the 12th century and restored after the Second World War. In any case, the most charming part of the town is the Medieval Quarter of San Pellegrino. The layout of this old neighborhood (11th-13th centuries) has remained intact over the centuries.  Strolling through its small lanes, you can feel that the glorious past of the ancient town is still alive.  Another important historical place is Piazza del Plebiscito with its three major public buildings, among which Palazzo dei Priori (15-16 century) stands out for its fine architecture. Inside the Palazzo, there are some rooms with frescoes from the 16th-18th centuries, the most gorgeous of which is the Sala Regia.

 

Certainly, these are the most remarkable sights, but there are much more things to see in Viterbo. 

6 km from the hotel.

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